Fire Fighting Tactics I

I.     Course Prefix/Number: FIR 121

       Course Name: Fire Fighting Tactics I

       Credits: 3 (3 lecture; 0 lab)

II.    Prerequisite

FIR 101 – recommended

III.   Course (Catalog) Description

This course examines firefighting tactics and strategies. Content includes pre-fire activities; fire ground operations, including search and rescue, forcible entry, ventilation, suppression, salvage and overhaul; post-fire activities, and the incident command system.

IV.   Learning Objectives

The student shall learn basic strategic and tactical concepts of general firefighting. The objectives of this course will be to instruct the students in the organizational structure of fire departments and the strategy and tactics of firefighting. The student will describe strategic considerations of hazard mitigation including size-up, fire behavior, building construction, and pre-fire planning. The student will discuss firefighter safety, engine company operations, truck company operations, hazardous materials implications, and the incident management system.

Office of the Illinois State Fire Marshal (OFSM) Course Objectives

4STI-1 

Understand orientation to strategy and tactics.

4STI-1.1

Identify the Illinois State Fire Marshal, Division of Personnel Standards and Education requirements for Fire Officer I certification.

4STI-1.2

Identify the NFPA Standard governing Fire Officer I.

4STI-1.3

Identify the most common fire department organizational principles.

4STI-1.4

Identify the fire department organizational structure.

4STI-1.5

Identify the following definitions:

4STI-1.5.1

Strategic goal

4STI-1.5.2

Tactical objectives

4STI-2 

Understand the Incident Management System.

4STI-2.1

Identify the NFPA standard that governs the Incident Management System

4STI-2.2

Identify the common characteristics of an Incident Management System.

4STI-2.3

Identify risk management.

4STI-2.4

Identify risk management principles utilized by the Incident Commander.

4STI-2.5

Identify risk factors considered by the Incident Commander.

4STI-2.6

Identify the components for personnel accountability.

4STI-2.7

Identify the components for personnel safety.

4STI-3 

Understand Pre-Incident Planning.

4STI-3.1

Identify the benefits of pre-fire planning.

4STI-3.2

Identify the components of a pre-incident survey.

4STI-3.3

Identify the procedures for conducting a pre-incident survey.

4STI-3.4

Identify guidelines for developing pre-incident plans.

4STI-3.5

Given a summary of the development of a pre-plan, the student shall prepare a pre-plan for a target hazard using forms, symbols, and map as well as describe the utilization of personnel, equipment, and extinguishing agents

4STI-4 

Understand building construction.

4STI-4.1

Identify fire problems associated with building construction.

4STI-4.2

Identify the factors to consider when dealing with fire loss risk management.

4STI-4.3

Identify the difference between fire and building codes.

4STI-4.4

Identifying the importance of pre-incident planning and fire suppression as it relates to building construction.

4STI-4.5

Identify five types of building construction classifications.

4STI-4.6

Identify terms that describe different types of loads placed on a building.

4STI-4.7

Identify the characteristics of beams, trusses, and columns.

4STI-4.8

Identify terms used to describe wood construction.

4STI-4.9

Identify different types of building construction.

4STI-4.10

Identify different types of engineered wood products.

4STI-4.11

Identify the characteristics of ordinary construction.

4STI-4.12

Identify the following terms:

4STI-4.12.1

Purlins

4STI-4.12.2

Spandel girders

4STI-4.13

Identify the uses of steel as a construction material.

4STI-4.14

Identify the characteristics of steel when exposed to heat.

4STI-4.15

Identify the terms to describe concrete construction.

4STI-4.16

Identify various types concrete structural construction.

4STI-4.17

Identify the hazards of concrete collapse during construction.

4STI-4.18

Identify the fire problems of concrete buildings under construction.

4STI-4.19

Identify fire problems in finished concrete buildings.

4STI-5 

Understand the process of incident planning.

4STI-5.1

Identify the phases of fire behavior.

4STI-5.2

Identify the term size-up.

4STI-5.3

Identify the traditional five (5)-step process for size-up.

4STI-5.4

Identify the three (3)-step process for the evaluation of an emergency situation

4STI-5.5

Identify the application size-up theory.

4STI-5.6

Identify the basic priorities for size-up.

4STI-5.7

Identify the RECEO list of priorities for emergency situations.

4STI-5.8

Identify the components for incident plans.

4STI-5.9

Identify the types of communication equipment and procedures used for incident management

4STI-5.10

Identify fire protection systems and features.

4STI-6 

Understand engine company operations.

4STI-6.1

Identify the duties of an engine company.

4STI-6.2

Identify the equipment and initial hose operations.

4STI-6.3

Identify advantages and disadvantages of straight and reverse relays.

4STI-6.4

Identify sources of water supply for engine operations.

4STI-6.5

Identify proper positioning of engines for effective fire suppression.

4STI-6.6

Identify buildings that may be a problem for the positioning of fire engines

4STI-6.7

Identify the various attack lines required for fire suppression.

4STI-6.8

Identify disadvantages of fog streams for interior attack.

4STI-6.9

Identify advantages for using straight streams.

4STI-6.10

Identify the importance of exposure protection.

4STI-6.11

Identify heavy stream devices for fire suppression.

4STI-6.12

Identify factors effecting a successful tanker shuttle operation.

4STI-6.13

Identify effective use of protective systems for fire suppression.

4STI-7 

Understand truck company operations.

4STI-7.1

Identify the primary duties of a truck company.

4STI-7.2

Identify the types of tools used for truck company assignments.

4STI-7.3

Identify tactical considerations for a truck/aerial apparatus.

4STI-7.4

Identify rescue considerations for a truck company operation.

4STI-7.5

Identify ventilation techniques and operation procedures.

4STI-7.6

Identify methods used for accessing fire extension.

4STI-7.7

Identify the tools needed and procedures of proper forcible entry.

4STI-7.8

Identify the procedures for aerial operations on the fireground.

4STI-7.9

Identify the procedures for salvage operation required of a truck company.

4STI-7.10

Identify the procedures used for controlling utilities on the fire-ground.

4STI-8 

Understand the guidelines for handling a hazardous materials incident.

4STI-8.1

Identify the components for a hazardous materials management system.

4STI-8.2

Identify the structure of a hazardous materials command system.

4STI-8.3

Identify the guidelines for a hazardous materials incident analysis.

4STI-8.4

Identify three preparation factors for responding to a hazardous materials incident

4STI-8.5

Identify the eight (8) step process for handling a hazardous materials incident.

4STI-8.6

Identify methods for identifying hazardous materials.

4STI-8.7

Identify the concept for hazardous risk assessment.

4STI-8.8

Identify sources of hazardous materials data.

4STI-8.9

Identify the basic principles of protective clothing.

4STI-8.10

Identify confinement and containment techniques.

4STI-8.11

Identify methods of decontamination.

4STI-8.12

Identify three phases of termination activities.

4STI-9 

Perform strategy and tactical considerations.

4STI-9.1

Given a summary of emergency situations the student shall perform strategic and tactical considerations for each incident assigned by the instructor.

4STI-9.1.1

Given an emergency incident requiring multiple company operations, analyze the situation and identify the resources for control.

4STI-9.1.2

Demonstrate the assignment and placement of resources identified in 4STI-9.1.1.

4STI-9.1.3

Prepare a pre-fire plan for a given target hazard using forms, symbols, and maps prescribed by the authority having jurisdiction. Include elements describing the utilization of personnel, equipment, and extinguishing agents.

V.    Academic Integrity and Student Conduct

Students and employees at Oakton Community College are required to demonstrate academic integrity and follow Oakton's Code of Academic Conduct. This code prohibits:

• cheating,
• plagiarism (turning in work not written by you, or lacking proper citation),
• falsification and fabrication (lying or distorting the truth),
• helping others to cheat,
• unauthorized changes on official documents,
• pretending to be someone else or having someone else pretend to be you,
• making or accepting bribes, special favors, or threats, and
• any other behavior that violates academic integrity.

There are serious consequences to violations of the academic integrity policy. Oakton's policies and procedures provide students a fair hearing if a complaint is made against you. If you are found to have violated the policy, the minimum penalty is failure on the assignment and, a disciplinary record will be established and kept on file in the office of the Vice President for Student Affairs for a period of 3 years.

Please review the Code of Academic Conduct and the Code of Student Conduct, both located online at
www.oakton.edu/studentlife/student-handbook.pdf

VI.   Sequence of Topics

  • Fire Dynamics
  • Chemistry of fire
  • Stages of fire growth
  • Flashover, backdraft & smoke behavior
  • Size-up, Incident Action Plan
  • Company Operations
  • Firefighter safety
  • Fireground injuries & death including LODD
  • Limitations of personal protective equipment
  • Life Safety & “Reading Smoke
  • Modes of Operations
  • Building Construction & Fire Protection Systems
  • Property Conversation & the role of occupancy 

VII.  Methods of Instruction

  • Lectures
  • Handouts
  • Videos
  • Class Discussion
  • Group Discussion
  • Individual Presentations
  • Case reviews

Course may be taught as face-to-face, hybrid or online course.

VIII. Course Practices Required

  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Using References
  • Decision Making
  • Group Participation
  • Class Discussion
  • Individual Presentations
  • Practical Exercises
  • Written Exam

IX.   Instructional Materials

Note: Current textbook information for each course and section is available on Oakton's Schedule of Classes.

Structural Firefighting Strategy and Tactics, Third Edition, Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2016

References:

Fire Officer’s Handbook of Tactics, Norman, John, Fourth Edition, Fire Engineering, 2015.

Fire and Emergency Services Company Officer, Fifth Edition, IFSTA, Fire Protection Publications, 2014

Brannigan's Building Construction for the Fire Service, Fifth Edition, Jones & Bartlett, 2015.

X.    Methods of Evaluating Student Progress

Grading Scale  
A 90 - 100 points
B 80 - 89 points
C 70 - 79 points
D 60 - 69 points
F 59 & Below
 
Testing: Quizzes 20 points
Homework 20 points
In-Class Assignments 10 points
Presentation & Research   15 points
Mid-term Exam 15 points
Final Exam 20 points
TOTAL 100 points

XI.   Other Course Information



If you have a documented learning, psychological, or physical disability you may be entitled to reasonable academic accommodations or services. To request accommodations or services, contact the Access and Disability Resource Center at the Des Plaines or Skokie campus. All students are expected to fulfill essential course requirements. The College will not waive any essential skill or requirement of a course or degree program.

Oakton Community College is committed to maintaining a campus environment emphasizing the dignity and worth of all members of the community, and complies with all federal and state Title IX requirements.

Resources and support for
  • pregnancy-related and parenting accommodations; and
  • victims of sexual misconduct
can be found at www.oakton.edu/title9/.

Resources and support for LGBTQ+ students can be found at www.oakton.edu/lgbtq.