- Step 1: How to choose a topic
- Step 2: How to get background information
- Step 3: How to find books
- Step 4: How to search for articles
- Step 5: How to search the Web
- Step 6: How to evaluate information
- Step 7: How to cite your sources
- Step 8: How to write your paper
2: How to Get Background Information
Look up your keywords in the online subject encyclopedias:
Facts and Encyclopedias
Read articles in these online encyclopedias to set the context for your research. Take note of relevant items in the bibliographies or "for further reading" sections at the end of the encyclopedia articles. These can lead to further information on your topic. Additional background information may be found in lecture notes, textbooks, reserve readings. Develop your search skills and practice often!
To access Oakton Library databases from an off-campus
computer, click on the database name and then use your Oakton username and
password to login.
Not sure what your Oakton username and password are? Find it here. Questions? Call 847.635.1644.
The following scholarly websites discuss current issues:
- CQ Researcher
Unbiased reports on current issues may be searched by topic and date. Pros and cons are provided.
- Opposing Viewpoints
Provides viewpoint articles, topic overviews, full-text magazine, academic journal, and newspaper articles, primary source documents, statistics, images and podcasts, and links to Websites.
Links to local, state and federal government sites are found here.
The following websites are great for finding background information on a topic:
Project of the Independent Media Institute, a nonprofit organization dedicated to strengthening and supporting independent and alternative journalism.
Premier web encyclopedia available for Oakton users.
- Encyclopedias: Open Directory Project
This site links to encyclopedias on a wide variety of subjects.
Award-winning web site that provides thousands of articles on how things work "from the inside out."
This website provides an online dictionary, atlas, almanac and internet encyclopedia.
Searchable subject directory with a wide variety of internet resources created and maintained by librarians and library science students.
- Public Agenda
This is a website created by a nonpartisan, nonprofit public opinion research & citizen education organization based in New York city.
- U.S. Dept. of State
State Department's Bureau of International Information Programs (IIP) engages international audiences on issues of foreign policy, society and values to help create an environment receptive to U.S. national interests.
Here are just some titles of subject specific encyclopedias available in the Oakton Library. Ask a reference librarian for additional suggestions.
- Encyclopedia of Dress and Fashion
Call Number: (DP) REF. GT507 .E54 2010
- Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol & Addictive Behavior
Call Number: (DP) REF. HV5804 .E53 2009
- The Facts on File Encyclopedia of World Mythology and Legend
Call Number: (DP) REF. BL303.M45 2009
- Lippincott's Visual Encyclopedia of Clinical Skills
OVERSZ. RT21 .L57 2009
- The World Book Encyclopedia
Call Number: (DP) REF. AE5 .W55 2012; (RHC) RHCREF. AE5 .W55 2012
- Worldmark Encyclopedia of
Cultures and Daily Life
Call Number: (DP) REF. GN333 .W67 2009; (RHC) RHCREF. GN333 .W67 2009
Full text Magazine, Journal and Newspaper Articles
News articles in a newspaper or general magazine can also
give you a starting point for your research. Use an online periodical index such
Academic Search Complete to locate background information in full text magazine and journal articles.
Exploit bibliographies! Remember that many of the books and articles you find will have bibliographies or a "works cited" page, too. By routinely checking these sources for additional relevant resources, you can generate a surprisingly large number of books and articles in a relatively short time.
Finding background information about a topic is an important step of the research process. If you're interested in pursuing a topic which is unfamiliar to you, reading an encyclopedia or general article about the subject can help you to clarify your topic and point out areas for additional research.