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Feminist Science Fiction:
Brief Chronology with Recommended Readings

Prepared by Holly Graff for the Women’s and Gender Studies Conference, March 2013


 

1830.....Mary Shelley..... Frankenstein......the first work of SF

1950's and the early 1960's.......A difficult time.....James Tiptree, Jr....Her Smoke Rose Up Forever......a collection of stories by .a woman who wrote under a male pseudonym

1968......Samuel Delany......Stars in My Pocket Like Grains of Sand......SF novel with a gay male protagonist 

1969......Ursula LeGuin .....The Left Hand of Darkness (Hugo and Nebula Awards)

1970......Feminist fanzines begin to appear

1974......Ursula LeGuin.....The Dispossessed (Hugo and Nebula Awards)

1975......Marian Zimmer Bradley...... The Heritage of Hastur......... The Shattered Chain......important gay and lesbian emphases

1975......Joanna Russ.......The Female Man.......To Write Like a Woman; Essays in Feminism and Science Fiction

1976......Marge Piercy......Woman on the Edge of Time

1977......First Wiscon

1978......Vonda McIntyre.......Dreamsnake

1979......Octavia Butler.....Kindred

1985.......Margaret Atwood.......The Handmaid's Tale 

1987......Octavia Butler......first book of the Xenogenesis Trilogy: Dawn, Adulthood Rites, Imago

1992......Marge Piercy........He, She, and It (also published as The Body of Glass)....a novel focusing on cyborgs and much else

1991.......Creation of the Tiptree Award

1993.......Nancy Kress....Beggars in Spain (Hugo and Nebula Award)...the first book in an important trilogy

2000.......Broad Universe founded to promote women writers of sf/f

2004...... Aqueduct Press founded to publish feminist sf

2008.......Nisi Shawl....... Filter House

2011.......Andrea Hairstone ......Redwood and Wildfire

2011......Joan Slonczewski......The Highest Frontier.....a biologist who writes sf

 

Recommendations for SF Fans Who Want to Explore Further
 

1991..... .Sandra Harding......Whose Knowledge?  Whose Science?  Thanking from Women's Lives....important feminist philosopher of science

1991.......Donna Haraway.....Simians, Cyborgs, and Women.....important feminist philosopher of science
2009.......Helen Merrick.....The Secret Feminist Cabal; A Cultural History of Science Fiction Feminisms.........a book about fans, critics, and theorists as well as the fiction that inspires them