Alternative Photographic Processes
I. Course Prefix/Number: ART 116
Course Name: Alternative Photographic Processes
Credits: 3 (0 lecture; 6 lab)
III. Course (Catalog) Description
*Note: Students are expected to buy their own film and paper. Total cost of these items is approximately $150-200 in addition to the regular lab fee. The student who does not own a camera, tripod or light meter may borrow these items from the College by paying a refundable deposit fee. Deposits will be retained when equipment is damaged or not returned on the specified due date.
IV. Learning Objectives
- To demonstrate understanding of basic color theory, both the additive and subtractive, by controlling the use of color in photography.
- To produce images that could not otherwise be seen with the naked eye through methods discovered in class.
- To demonstrate understanding of the concept of post-visualization by making images that happen by chance.
- To demonstrate understanding of the concept of transformation by creating forms from reality.
- To distinguish the different types of images that could be made using the techniques of manipulation.
V. Academic Integrity and Student Conduct
• plagiarism (turning in work not written by you, or lacking proper citation),
• falsification and fabrication (lying or distorting the truth),
• helping others to cheat,
• unauthorized changes on official documents,
• pretending to be someone else or having someone else pretend to be you,
• making or accepting bribes, special favors, or threats, and
• any other behavior that violates academic integrity.
There are serious consequences to violations of the academic integrity policy. Oakton's policies and procedures provide students a fair hearing if a complaint is made against you. If you are found to have violated the policy, the minimum penalty is failure on the assignment and, a disciplinary record will be established and kept on file in the office of the Vice President for Student Affairs for a period of 3 years.
Please review the Code of Academic Conduct and the Code of Student Conduct, both located online at
VI. Sequence of Topics
- Plastic Cameras/lenses (Calculating Exposure, Modifications)
- Build one yourself (Construction, Calculating exposure)
- The negative
- Infrared (B&W, color)
- Type 55
- Cross processing
- Arista Halftone
- Camera manipulation
- Something in front of the lens (mirror, mylar, prism, filters)
- Movement of the lens or camera
- Something in front of the film
- Double exposure
- Darkroom manipulation
- double printing
- multiple printing
- easel distortion
- hand coloring
- Chemical manipulation
- gamma infinity
- alternative developers
- Image transfers
- Polaroid (impossible project) emulsion transfer
- Polaroid (impossible project) emulsion lift
- Laser printers
- Ink jet water transfer
- Hand applied emulsions
- Liquid light (paper, wood, metal, glass, fabric)
- Brown print
VII. Methods of Instruction
- Media Presentations of work in black and white manipulation and previous student work in the areas being studied.
- Demonstrations of shooting techniques such as multiple exposure and movement in the class.
- Critiques of student work, both in progress and at the end, to develop standards and evaluative criteria.
- Studio assignments for the student to solve problems.
Course may be taught as face-to-face, hybrid or online course.
VIII. Course Practices Required
Course may be taught as a face-to-face, hybrid or online Attend all classes.
Complete all assignments/projects. Attend all review sessions. Demonstrate proficiency of techniques explored.
IX. Instructional Materials
Note: Current textbook information for each course and section is available on Oakton’s Schedule of Classes.
“The Book of Alternative Photographic Processes” by Christopher James.
Supplies: The student must purchase a Holga, about 20 rolls of film, and about 100 sheets of 8x10 photographic paper. The student also must purchase dry mount tissue and 11x11 mount board. The college supplies the student with a facility, which includes enlargers, chemicals, and studio equipment. The college also provides color paper and chemicals.
X. Methods of Evaluating Student Progress
- Technical Quality, fullest possible range of tones
- Visual simplicity-strength of organization of images
- Color correct print
The final exam is based upon color and technical black and white manipulation.
XI. Other Course Information
If you have a documented learning, psychological, or physical disability you may be entitled to reasonable academic accommodations or services. To request accommodations or services, contact the Access and Disability Resource Center at the Des Plaines or Skokie campus. All students are expected to fulfill essential course requirements. The College will not waive any essential skill or requirement of a course or degree program.
Oakton Community College is committed to maintaining a campus environment emphasizing the dignity and worth of all members of the community, and complies with all federal and state Title IX requirements.
Resources and support for
- pregnancy-related and parenting accommodations; and
- victims of sexual misconduct
Resources and support for LGBTQ+ students can be found at www.oakton.edu/lgbtq.