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Alternative Photographic Processes

I.     Course Prefix/Number: ART 116

       Course Name: Alternative Photographic Processes

       Credits: 3 (3 lecture; 6 lab)

II.    Prerequisite

ART 115 or ART 117 or consent of instructor.

III.   Course (Catalog) Description

Course utilizes basic photographic principles and tools and deals with development of manipulative and experimental nature of medium. Focus is on student’s work. Studio work outside of regular class time is required.  *See Note.

*Note: Students are expected to buy their own film and paper. Total cost of these items is approximately $100 in addition to the regular lab fee. The student who does not own a camera, tripod or light meter may borrow these items from the College by paying a refundable deposit fee. Deposits will be retained when equipment is damaged or not returned on the specified due date.

IV.   Learning Objectives

A.    To demonstrate understanding of basic color theory, both the additive and subtractive, by controlling the use of color in photography.
B.    To produce images that could not otherwise be seen with the naked eye through methods discovered in class.
C.    To demonstrate understanding of the concept of post-visualization by making images that happen by chance.
D.    To demonstrate understanding of the concept of transformation by creating forms from reality.
E.    To distinguish the different types of images that could be made using the techniques of manipulation.

V.    Academic Integrity

Students and employees at Oakton Community College are required to demonstrate academic integrity and follow Oakton's Code of Academic Conduct. This code prohibits:

• cheating,
• plagiarism (turning in work not written by you, or lacking proper citation),
• falsification and fabrication (lying or distorting the truth),
• helping others to cheat,
• unauthorized changes on official documents,
• pretending to be someone else or having someone else pretend to be you,
• making or accepting bribes, special favors, or threats, and
• any other behavior that violates academic integrity.

There are serious consequences to violations of the academic integrity policy. Oakton's policies and procedures provide students a fair hearing if a complaint is made against you. If you are found to have violated the policy, the minimum penalty is failure on the assignment and, a disciplinary record will be established and kept on file in the office of the Vice President for Student Affairs for a period of 3 years.
Details of the Code of Academic Conduct can be found in the Student Handbook.

VI.   Sequence of Topics

A.  Color theory
        1.  Additive System
             a.    Primary Light Colors
             b.    Combination of Primaries to make secondary colors
        2.  Subtractive system
             a.    Color filters-and how they subtract from white light
             b.    Function of theory in transparency film
             c.    Filters and how they affect black and white film
        3.  Kelvin temperature & relationships to color film & filters-c.c.

B.  Processing of transparencies and color printing
        1.  E-6 line-Nikor rolls, times and procedure
        2.  Color printing
             a.    Cebachrome Printing paper
             b.    Subtractive system and C.C.P. Filters in printing
             c.    Renne Groeble and Eliot Porter

C.  Black and White manipulation
        1.  Putting something in front of the lens
            a.    Thesis from the institute of design
            b.    Mirrors, Mylar, Prisms, Reflections, Projections, Lenses
        2.  Manipulation of Lens
            a.    Thesis from the institute of design
            b.    Methods
                      1)  Movement
                      2)  Multiple exposure and transformation on white & black backgrounds
                      3)  Movement of stops during exposure
                      4)  Movement of focusing during exposure
        3.  Putting something between the lens and the film plane Methods
            a.    Negatives on film plane
            b.    Transparencies on film plane
            c.    Made negatives on film plane
        4.  Serial Imagery: Methods
            a.    Creation of different forms
            b.    Time distortions
        5.  Different Films causing tonal distortions: Methods
            a.    Contrast Process
            b.    Orthochromatic Film
            c.    Infra-Red film
            d.    Kodalith
        6.  Darkroom manipulation: Methods
            a.    Methods of Kodalith
                1)  Posterization
                2)  3-M Color key
                3)  Masking
                4)  Bas Relief
            b.    Reticulation
            c.    Solorization
            d.    Multiple Printing
            e.    Easel Distortion
            f.    Three Dimensional Mounting
            g.    Painting on Black and white photographs
            h.    Paint on Emulsion

VII.  Methods of Instruction

A.    Slide Presentation of work in black and white manipulation and previous student work in the areas being studied.
B.    Demonstrations of shooting techniques such as multiple exposure and movement in the class.
C.    Critiques of student work, both in progress and at the end, to develop standards and evaluative criteria.
D.    Studio assignments for the student to solve problems.
Course may be taught as face-to-face, media-based, hybrid or online course.

VIII. Course Practices Required

Attend all classes.  Do all assignments/projects.  Attend all review sessions.  Demonstrate proficiency of techniques explored.

IX.   Instructional Materials

Note: Current textbook information for each course and section is available on Oakton's Schedule of Classes.

Textbook: Varies by instructor

The student must purchase about 20 rolls of film and about 400 sheets of 8x10 photographic paper. The student also has to purchase dry mount tissue and 11x11 mount board.  The school supplies the student with a facility, which includes enlargers, chemicals, and studio equipment.  The school also provides color paper and chemicals.

X.    Methods of Evaluating Student Progress

A.    Technical Quality, fullest possible range of tones
B.    Craftsmanship-neatness
C.    Visual simplicity-strength of organization of images
D.    Color correct print

A final exam is administered based upon color and technical black and white manipulation.

XI.   Other Course Information

Some of the activities and assignments in this class involve the use of nude models, standard practice in (photography, drawing, and painting-as appropriate) classes. If a student objects to this practice, he/she is encouraged to discuss with the instructor early in the semester alternative ways of completing course requirements.

If you have a documented learning, psychological, or physical disability you may be entitled to reasonable academic accommodations or services. To request accommodations or services, contact the Access and Disability Resource Center at the Des Plaines or Skokie campus. All students are expected to fulfill essential course requirements. The College will not waive any essential skill or requirement of a course or degree program.