I. Course Prefix/Number: PHL 106
Course Name: Ethics
Credits: 3 (3 lecture; 0 lab)
III. Course (Catalog) Description
IV. Learning Objectives
A. Define the basic vocabulary needed to discuss ethical theories and be able to state the problems that ethical theories address.
B. Explain and compare at least four conflicting ethical theories and the arguments that support these theories.
C. Evaluate ethical theories by critically examining (both orally and through written work) the arguments that support the theories and by discussing what important considerations may be lacking in the theories studied.
D. Apply ethical theories to concrete situations on the personal level, on the national level, and on the global level
E. Use the ethical theory with which they agree to defend their own positions on contemporary moral issues both orally and in writing.
F. Exhibit values related to teamwork and collaboration, fostered by the pedagogy of shared-inquiry and critical dialogue appropriate to the humanities and philosophy.
V. Academic Integrity
• plagiarism (turning in work not written by you, or lacking proper citation),
• falsification and fabrication (lying or distorting the truth),
• helping others to cheat,
• unauthorized changes on official documents,
• pretending to be someone else or having someone else pretend to be you,
• making or accepting bribes, special favors, or threats, and
• any other behavior that violates academic integrity.
There are serious consequences to violations of the academic integrity policy. Oakton's policies and procedures provide students a fair hearing if a complaint is made against you. If you are found to have violated the policy, the minimum penalty is failure on the assignment and, a disciplinary record will be established and kept on file in the office of the Vice President for Student Affairs for a period of 3 years.
Details of the Code of Academic Conduct can be found in the Student Handbook.
VI. Sequence of Topics
I. John Stuart Mill and Utilitarianism
A. Happiness as the only intrinsic value
B. Comparing consequences
C. Criticisms of utilitarianism
D. Applying utilitarianism to the issue of women’s rights
II. Immanuel Kant and Deontological Theories
A. The centrality of duty
B. Formulations of the categorical imperative
C. Criticisms of Kantianism
D. Applying Kantianism to the debate on physician assisted suicide
III. Friedrich Nietzsche and the Critique of Traditional Morality
A. Values as human creations
B. Life-affirming verses life-denying values
C. Criticisms of Nietzsche
D. Applying Nietzsche’s ideas to debates on multiculturalism
IV. Karl Marx and the Critique of Alienated Morality
A. The theory of alienation
B. Morality and the alienated individualism
C. A vision of human solidarity
D. Criticisms of Marxism
E. Applying Marxism to debates around the current global economy
V. Nozick verses Rawls: The Contemporary American Debate about Social Justice
A. Defining negative and positive rights
B. Nozick’s critique of positive rights
C. Rawl’s Kantian defense of positive rights
D. Applying these theories to the debate about equity in public education
VI. Franz Fanon and his Challenge to Oppression
A. A critique of European ethics
B. Colonial oppression and alienation
C. The definition of structural violence
D. Criticisms of Fanon
E. Applying Fanon’s theory to the use of violence in war and revolution
VII. Mohandas Gandhi and the Ethic of Non-Violence
A. The critique of modernity
B. Non-violence, non-possession, and Satyagraha
C. Criticisms of Gandhi
D. Applying Gandhi’s theory to contemporary struggles for social justice
VIII. Carol Gilligan and the Ethic of Care
A. Origins in psychological research
B. Comparing the ethic of care and the ethic of justice
C. Criticisms of the ethic of care
D. Applying the ethic of care to the abortion debate
VII. Methods of Instruction
B. Small group work
D. Student presentations and debates
E. Guest speakers
F. Field trips may be required
Course may be taught as face-to-face, media-based, hybrid or online course.
VIII. Course Practices Required
B. Standards for written work
F. Final Project
G. Special policies about make-up exams, late papers, or other matters of concern
IX. Instructional Materials
Text: VARIES BY INSTRUCTOR
Some instructors may choose to use a selection of short primary sources such as Mill’s Utilitarianism, Kants’s Fundamentals of the Metaphysic of Morals, Nietzsche’s Genealogy of Morals, Gandhi’s Hind Swaraj, Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth, Gilligan’s In a Different Voice, West’s Race Matters, etc.
X. Methods of Evaluating Student Progress
A. Quizzes/Exams……40 points
B. Essays……40 points
C. Final project with oral presentation……10 points
D. Attendance and participation………10 points
E. Grading scale: 90-100, A…….80-89, B………70-79, C……….60-69……..D
XI. Other Course Information
Office and office hours:
Email and website:
If you have a documented learning, psychological, or physical disability you may be entitled to reasonable academic accommodations or services. To request accommodations or services, contact the ASSIST office in the Learning Center. All students are expected to fulfill essential course requirements. The College will not waive any essential skill or requirement of a course or degree program.