I.     Course Prefix/Number: PHL 105

       Course Name: Logic

       Credits: 3 (3 lecture; 0 lab)

II.    Prerequisite


III.   Course (Catalog) Description

Course studies principles of correct reasoning. Topics include analyzing structure of arguments, evaluating both inductive and deductive arguments, and recognizing common errors in reasoning. Focus is on providing tools to critically evaluate persuasive language encountered in everyday life, in mass media, and in academic texts. IAI H4 906

IV.   Learning Objectives

After completing this class, students will be able to do the following:

  1. Analyze the structure of arguments in everyday exchanges and in more formal written material.
  2. Evaluate the validity and persuasiveness of arguments.
  3. Recognize common types of faulty reasoning.
  4. Develop skills that will enable them to construct their own arguments with greater clarity and sophistication.

V.    Academic Integrity and Student Conduct

Students and employees at Oakton Community College are required to demonstrate academic integrity and follow Oakton's Code of Academic Conduct. This code prohibits:

• cheating,
• plagiarism (turning in work not written by you, or lacking proper citation),
• falsification and fabrication (lying or distorting the truth),
• helping others to cheat,
• unauthorized changes on official documents,
• pretending to be someone else or having someone else pretend to be you,
• making or accepting bribes, special favors, or threats, and
• any other behavior that violates academic integrity.

There are serious consequences to violations of the academic integrity policy. Oakton's policies and procedures provide students a fair hearing if a complaint is made against you. If you are found to have violated the policy, the minimum penalty is failure on the assignment and, a disciplinary record will be established and kept on file in the office of the Vice President for Student Affairs for a period of 3 years.

Please review the Code of Academic Conduct and the Code of Student Conduct, both located online at

VI.   Sequence of Topics

(This is a sample outline of topics. In your outline of topics please specify the dates when you will cover specific topics and other important dates such as exams and paper deadlines.)

  1. Introduction
    1. Identifying arguments
    2. Identifying assumptions
    3. Understanding different types of definitions
  2. The structure of arguments
    1. Premises and conclusions
    2. Sub-arguments
    3. Missing parts of arguments
    4. Casting arguments
  3. Deduction
    1. Immediate inference and the square of opposition
    2. Validity and soundness
    3. Categorical syllogisms and Venn diagrams
    4. Propositional logic, truth tables, and natural deduction
  4. Induction
    1. Generalizations
    2. Arguments from analogy
    3. Causal arguments
    4. Good reasons arguments
    5. Evaluating hypotheses
  5. Informal fallacies
    1. Fallacies of language
    2. Fallacies of relevance
    3. Fallacies of evidence
  6. Applying logic in everyday life
    1. Mass media
    2. Persuasive papers

VII.  Methods of Instruction

  1. Lectures and discussion
  2. Small group work
  3. Analysis of arguments
  4. TV, magazine, and newspaper analysis
  5. Written logic exercises
  6. Web-based logic exercises

Course may be taught as face-to-face, hybrid or online course.

VIII. Course Practices Required

(Please include information here about all expectations you have for your students regarding behavior, work, etc. The following are sample components you may wish to include.)

  1. Quizzes/Exams
  2. Logic exercises
  3. Standards for written work
  4. Attendance
  5. Participation
  6. Final Project
  7. Special policies about make-up exams, late papers, or other matters of concern

IX.   Instructional Materials

Note: Current textbook information for each course and section is available on Oakton's Schedule of Classes.

Text such as Rudinow’s Invitation to Critical Thinking, Copi’s Introduction to Logic, or  Hurley’s A Concise Introduction to Logic.

X.    Methods of Evaluating Student Progress

(In this section, please present the percentages or point breakdown of their final grade. An example follows)

  1. Quizzes/Exams……60 points
  2. Journal/Logic exercises……20 points
  3. Final Project……20 points
  4. Grading scale: 90-100, A……80-89, B……70-79, C……60-69, D

XI.   Other Course Information

Instructor information
Office and office hours:
Email and website

If you have a documented learning, psychological, or physical disability you may be entitled to reasonable academic accommodations or services. To request accommodations or services, contact the Access and Disability Resource Center at the Des Plaines or Skokie campus. All students are expected to fulfill essential course requirements. The College will not waive any essential skill or requirement of a course or degree program.

Oakton Community College is committed to maintaining a campus environment emphasizing the dignity and worth of all members of the community, and complies with all federal and state Title IX requirements.

Resources and support for
  • pregnancy-related and parenting accommodations; and
  • victims of sexual misconduct
can be found at www.oakton.edu/title9/.

Resources and support for LGBTQ+ students can be found at www.oakton.edu/lgbtq.

Electronic video and/or audio recording is not permitted during class unless the student obtains written permission from the instructor. In cases where recordings are allowed, such content is restricted to personal use only. Any distribution of such recordings is strictly prohibited. Personal use is defined as use by an individual student for the purpose of studying or completing course assignments.

For students who have been approved for audio and/or video recording of lectures and other classroom activities as a reasonable accommodation by Oakton’s Access Disabilities Resource Center (ADRC), applicable federal law requires instructors to permit those recordings. Such recordings are also limited to personal use. Any distribution of such recordings is strictly prohibited.

Violation of this policy will result in disciplinary action through the Code of Student Conduct.