Criminal Procedures

I.     Course Prefix/Number: LAE 223

       Course Name: Criminal Procedures

       Credits: 3 (3 lecture; 0 lab)

II.    Prerequisite


III.   Course (Catalog) Description

Course is an in-depth study of the legal rules governing police procedures and practices. Topics include reasonable suspicion, probable cause, stop and frisk, station house detention, the use of force during arrest, confessions, constitutional rights of the accused, and sentencing and punishment. Also covered are issues related to the Fourth Amendment right against unreasonable search and seizure.

IV.   Learning Objectives

  • Explain the philosophical and historical underpinnings of criminal procedure and the process of constitutional decision-making by the United States Supreme Court
  • Analyze the Fourth Amendment and the United States Constitutional safeguards in the areas of police stops, arrests, searches, and seizures
  • Apply the Fifth and Sixth Constitutional Amendments
  • Summarize the incorporation doctrine, and the role that the Fourteenth Constitutional Amendment has played in the evolution of the rights of the accused
  • Research the current literature on criminal procedure and legal reform
  • Explain the connections between police policy and criminal law
  • Use critical thinking to apply the law to real life situations
  • Apply legal principles and concepts to develop their legal reasoning and analytical skills

V.    Academic Integrity and Student Conduct

Students and employees at Oakton Community College are required to demonstrate academic integrity and follow Oakton's Code of Academic Conduct. This code prohibits:

• cheating,
• plagiarism (turning in work not written by you, or lacking proper citation),
• falsification and fabrication (lying or distorting the truth),
• helping others to cheat,
• unauthorized changes on official documents,
• pretending to be someone else or having someone else pretend to be you,
• making or accepting bribes, special favors, or threats, and
• any other behavior that violates academic integrity.

There are serious consequences to violations of the academic integrity policy. Oakton's policies and procedures provide students a fair hearing if a complaint is made against you. If you are found to have violated the policy, the minimum penalty is failure on the assignment and, a disciplinary record will be established and kept on file in the office of the Vice President for Student Affairs for a period of 3 years.

Please review the Code of Academic Conduct and the Code of Student Conduct, both located online at

VI.   Sequence of Topics

  • Incorporation doctrine.
  • Fourth amendment
  • The exclusionary rule:
  • Probable cause:
  • Arrests, searches, and the “reasonableness” requirement:
  • Stop and frisk, lesser and heightened intrusions:
  • Consent searches:
  • Miranda and its progeny:
  • Attenuation, inevitable discovery, and independent source:
  • Interrogations and incrimination
  • Fruit of the poisonous tree.
  • Standing.
  • Entrapment.

VII.  Methods of Instruction

Lecture/Discussion/Audio Visual

Course may be taught as face-to-face, hybrid or online course.

VIII. Course Practices Required

  • Interactive Lectures
  • Reading
  • Writing
  • Group Discussions and Activities
  • Table Top Exercises
  • Written Quizzes and Examinations

Course will be taught as face-to-face

IX.   Instructional Materials

Note: Current textbook information for each course and section is available on Oakton's Schedule of Classes.

Criminal Procedure, 8th Edition

  • Joel Samaha University of Minnesota
  • ISBN-10: 0495913359
  • ISBN-13: 9780495913351
  • 2012 | Published

X.    Methods of Evaluating Student Progress

Grades will be determined by the degree of the student's comprehension of the material presented in lectures and assignments. The following is a rough breakdown of factors considered in grading.

Midterm 40%
Final 40%
Class Participation  10%
Attendance 10%

XI.   Other Course Information

If you have a documented learning, psychological, or physical disability you may be entitled to reasonable academic accommodations or services. To request accommodations or services, contact the Access and Disability Resource Center at the Des Plaines or Skokie campus. All students are expected to fulfill essential course requirements. The College will not waive any essential skill or requirement of a course or degree program.

Oakton Community College is committed to maintaining a campus environment emphasizing the dignity and worth of all members of the community, and complies with all federal and state Title IX requirements.

Resources and support for
  • pregnancy-related and parenting accommodations; and
  • victims of sexual misconduct
can be found at

Resources and support for LGBTQ+ students can be found at

Electronic video and/or audio recording is not permitted during class unless the student obtains written permission from the instructor. In cases where recordings are allowed, such content is restricted to personal use only. Any distribution of such recordings is strictly prohibited. Personal use is defined as use by an individual student for the purpose of studying or completing course assignments.

For students who have been approved for audio and/or video recording of lectures and other classroom activities as a reasonable accommodation by Oakton’s Access Disabilities Resource Center (ADRC), applicable federal law requires instructors to permit those recordings. Such recordings are also limited to personal use. Any distribution of such recordings is strictly prohibited.

Violation of this policy will result in disciplinary action through the Code of Student Conduct.